Analysis undertaken by AAFC, Canada on stem rust samples collected by NARI, Eritrea in Oct. 2011 has confirmed the continued presence of Ug99 lineage race PTKST in Eritrea, but only 1 sample out 15 was typed to this race. All other samples analysed were found to be “J races” (JRCSC (n=2), JRHSC (n=4), JRHSF (n=8)) these are all virulent on Sr13 and probably came from durum wheat. A set of samples of stem rust from Oats was collected and analysed. The Oat results were interesting, two races were identified NHFC (n=11) and NKFC (n=3), all the isolates were clearly high on genes Pg10 and Pg16. It is believed that this virulence is not present anywhere else in the world except Australia.